MEDICINAL PLANTS 2017-10-22T08:32:05+00:00

AN OVERVIEW

Arunachal Pradesh is situated in the eastern Himalayas. It is considered as one of the 12 mega hotspot area of the world in view of the richness of biological and habitat diversity. The state has 61.5% of its total geographical area is under forest cover as per the Forest Survey of India report (2011). The physiography and wide-ranging altitudinal variations have resulted in nearly 20 different forest types, from foothills to alpine. The forest harbors high endemism and comparatively higher incidence of rare and threatened plants. Presence of numerous species of primitive plants and wild relative of cultivated plants truly justify the region to be recognized as “cradle of flowering plants” and “biological gateway” of biological resources.

Due to this varied forest types and vegetation type Arunachal Pradesh is home to more than  500 different Medicinal Plants species and can be termed as nature’s repository of medicinal plants(Haridasan et al;1996). It is home to endemic species like Coptis teeta, Amentotaxus asssmica, Gymnocladus assamicus and other important medicinal plants species like Panax sikkimensis, Illicium griggthii, Swertia chiriayita, Aconitum heterophyllum, Rubia majit etc which has hughe demand in the pharmaceutical industries for economic conversion and livelihood generation.

Medicinal plants are mostly found in the forest area and local communities are marginally dependent on the traditional system of health care since human evolution before the medical technology came to the present society. Now the time has come to preserve them in in-situ habitat of those plants before we think too late in our endeavor to conserve these important medicinal plants having valued raw drugs which are occurring in wild with the help of local communities.

Besides, conserving them in their natural habitat the local communities can also go with ex-situ conservation of medicinal plants and derive their livelihood and raise their living standard through safe proceeds of medical plants produce. It is apparent that medicinal plants tenders with low-cost investment and high-value income generation involving local communities in conserving medicinal plants both in in situ and ex-situ is the initiative of the Project goal.

 

Globally Significant Medicinal Plants Of Arunachal Pradesh

  • VALERIANA JATAMANSI
    Used as incense and in perfume. Also used for hypochondriacs, nervous unrest and as a carminative. Pulverized drug with sugar is prescribed in urinary troubles.
  • TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA
    Use in general debility, dyspepsia, fever and urinary diseases. It is considered an aphrodisiac. Decoction of stem is given for gastric.
  • TAXUS BACCATA
    Source of anti cancer drug taxol. Leaves antispaumodic , Used in nervousness, hysteria and epilepsy. A tincture made from young shoots used for heache, giddiness, diarrhea, liver disorder
  • SWERTIA CHIRAYITA
    A bitter tonic and febrifuge. Used in liver disorders, cough, constipation, fever, skin diseases and worm
  • PODOPHYLLUM HEXENDRUM
    Used as Hepatic, stimulant, cholagogue, purgative altertive and bitter tonic
  • RUBIA CORDIFOIA
    It is a tonic anti-sysentric, antiseptic. Extract from a constitute of drug septilin used for rhinonasal infection. Traditionally the for dying is extracted
  • PICRORRHIZA KURROA ROYLE
    Used as bitter tonic laxative, effective in dropsy. stomach ache. Used in fever, liver, and spleen disorder including jaundice, anemia, scorpion bite
  • PARIS POLYPHYLLA
    This is used as a Anthelminitic & also as a tonic.
  • PANAX SIKKIMENSIS
    Roots are known to be stimulant and helpul in combating general debility and weakness. It is carminative tonic and expectorant
  • OROXYLUM INDICUM
    Roots & bark is tonic and astringent. Used in diarrhea and dysentry Tender shoots are stomached, seeds are purgative
  • LITSEA CUBEBA
    Bark is used in treatement of stomach trouble, women diseases on blister & boil. The oil extracted is used as hair oil. Ripe and Unripe fruits are taken fresh for cough and cold. Also taken for good slep
  • illicium Griffithii
    This is used as a spice and carminative.
  • HOMALOMENA AROMATICA
    The plant is aromatic and stimulant It is useful in dysentry and post natal care and useful for stomached
  • GYNOCARDIA ODORATA
    The oil extracted from the seeds is used to cure skin diseases. leprosy. Locally teeth are extracted by applying pounded fruit mixed with water. The bark is locally used as fish poison
  • ACONITUM FEROX
    Used in the treatment of fever, leprosy, rheumatism, cough, cold. Also used as arrow poison. Given to cow and mule in small quantity for loss in weight.
  • COPTIS TEETA
    Used in fever,stomach problems and eye diseases. A tonic for debility and dyspepsia. Locally it is used in treatment of backache, lalarial fever and gastric. The whole plant is use for dysentry, on cuts & wounds
  • FRITILLARIA CIRRHOSA
    It is used for tuberculosis, asthma, bronchitis
  • DACTYLORHIZA HATAGERIA
    Stem is used treating burning sensation on urination a& rhizome is used in treatment of jaundice. The paste of the rhizome & stem is used for snake bite.
  • EMBELIA RIBES
    Fruit is used as astringent, tonic as anathematic against tape worm. Decoction is also used in chest and skin trouble
  • BERGINIA CILIATA
    Fresh roots chewed for curing diarrhea, vomiting. Leaves & roots are used in cuts and bringin about clotting of blood. Whole plant is used in cough and cold.
  • COSTUS SPECIOSUS
    Stem is used treating burining sensation on urination & rhizome is used in treatment of jaundice. The paste of the rhizome & stem is used for snake bite. The rhizomme and lower stem are eaten raw in case of snake bite
  • BERBERIS ARISTATA DC
    Used in the treatment of jaundice, enlargement of spleen, eye diseases, sores and piles. Traditionally Apatani community uses the torn to make tattoos.
  • ACROUS CALAMUS LINN
    Traditionally the rhizome is used as fish poison, on cuts an dinhaled for headache. It is also used for heart, lung and lung troubles
  • GARCINIA INDICA
    The fruit is refrigerant, demulcent and astringent. A drink of infusion and its local application all the body is prescribed in urticaria
  • GARCINIA PEDUNCULATA
    Unripe fruits are carminative. Ripe fruits are used to treat abdoinal tumors, to ally thirst, constipation, heart burn, appetizer. The fruits sliced and pressured to make refreshing drink
  • ZANTHOXYLLUM ARAMATUM
    Bark/Stem and seeds are used aromatic tonic in fever, dyspepsia and cholera. Stem are chewed as remdey for toothache, stomachic and carminative. Powered fruit is used for liver complaints.